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The Caspian Sea is the largest internal water body on the Planet. Its ecosystem depends on climate change strongly, and meteorological conditions in the region significantly affect human activities in the open sea and coastal areas. The Caspian ecosystem is subjected to those activities, in its turn.
As a result, hydrometeorologic and pollution monitoring in the Caspian region is of a great importance for economies of the Caspian littoral states, as well as for the conservation of the Sea unique ecosystem, which is the main heritage of the present and next generations of the Caspian peoples.
Social and economic benefits of hydrometeorology and environmental monitoring development depend on cooperation among the littoral states in this field, because atmospheric and hydrologic processes have global and trans-boundary effects.
Taking into account this fact, hydrometeorological services of the littoral states with the active support of the World Meteorological Organisation (WMO) have established the Coordinating Committee on Hydrometeorology and Pollution Monitoring of the Caspian Sea (CASPCOM) to make their activities more efficient.
Initially the main reason for CASPCOM establishment was the need for cooperation in the field of environment monitoring to deal with negative consequences of rapid sea level rise in 1980-1990, which led to flooding coastal territories. Since 1995 the sea level changes marginally, however significance of CASPCOM does not decrease because of fast development of economic activities in the region and in the water area of the sea.
9th Session of CASPCOM made decision regarding creation of CASPCOM's website with the aim to share information about CASPCOM goals and activity with those concerned. Website was created and supported by Caspian Marine Research Center on behalf of the Russian Federal Service for Hydrometeorology and Environmental Monitoring.